「网络爆料」新人教版七年级英语初一下册知识点全总结,期末复习必备

Unit1 Can you play the guitar?
◆短语概括
1. play chess 下象棋
2. play the guitar 弹吉他
3. speak English 说英语
4. English club 英语俱乐部
5. talk to 跟…说
6. play the violin 拉小提琴
7. play the piano 弹钢琴
8. play the drums 敲鼓
9. make friends 交友同伴
10. do kung fu 练 (祖国) 功夫
11. tell stories 讲以前经历的事情
12. play games 做
13. on the weekend/on weekends 在周末
◆用法集萃
1. play +棋类/类 下…棋/打…
2. play the +西欧乐器 弹/拉…乐器
3. be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 善于做某事
4. be good with sb. 和某人相处地好
5. need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事
6. can + 动词本形 能/会做某事
7. a little + 不行数名词 一点儿…
8. join the…club 参与…俱乐部
9. like to do sth. =love to do sth. 喜欢/喜好做某事
◆典句必背
1. —Can you draw? 你会画画呀?
—Yes, I can./No, I can’t. 是的,我会呀。/不,我不会呀。
2. —What club do you want to join? 你想参与哪一位俱乐部呀?
—I want to join the chess club. 我想参与象棋俱乐部呀。
3. You can join the English club. 你能够参与英语俱乐部呀。
4. Sounds good./That sounds good. 听去上面很好呀。
5. I can speak English and I can also play soccer. 我会说英语也会踢呀。
6. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. 请给米勒夫人拨买电话555-3721呀。
◆话题写做
主题推荐自己专长/对比特长
Dear Sir,
I want to join your organization (组织) to help kids with
sports, music and English.
My name is Mike. I am 15 years old. I'm a student in No. 1 Middle school. I can play the guitar well. I can sing many songs. I can swim and speak English well, too. I think I can be good with the kids. I also do well in telling stories.
I hope to get your letter soon.
Yours,
Mike
Unit2 What time do you go to school?
◆短语概括
1. what time 几点
2. go to school 去入学
3. get up 起床
4. take a shower 洗淋浴
5. brush teeth 刷牙
6. get to 抵达
7. do homework 做全家作业
8. go to work 去事情
9. go home 回家
10. eat breakfast 吃早饭
11. get dressed 穿上衣服
12. get home 抵家
13. either…or… 要末…要末…
14. go to bed 上床睡觉
15. in the morning/afternoon/evening 在早上/下午/夜晚
16. take a walk 漫步
17. lots of=a lot of 许多,大量
18. radio station 广播电台
19. at night 在夜晚
20. be late for=arrive late for 晚点
◆用法集萃
1. at + 详细时刻点 在几点(几分)
2. eat breakfast/lunch/dinner 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭
3. thirty/half past +基数词 …点半
4. fifteen/a quarter to +基数词 差一刻到…点
5. take a/an+名词 从事…行-动
6. from…to… 从…到…
7. need to do sth 需要做某事
◆典句必背
1. —What time do you usually get up? 你一样平常几点钟起床呀?
—I usually get up at six thirty. 我一样平常6:30起床呀。
2. That’s a funny time for breakfast. 那是个意义的早饭时刻呀。
3. —When do students usually eat dinner? 學生们一样平常什么时刻吃完饭呀?
—They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening. 你们一样平常在夜晚6:45吃晚饭呀。
4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games.
在夜晚,我要末看电视,要末上网呀。
5. At twelve, she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch.
在十两点,他午饭吃许多水果和蔬菜呀。
6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good.他知道他对他没利益,可是尝起身很好呀。
7. Here are your clothes. 这是你的衣服呀。
◆话题写做
主题议论一样平常做息民俗
My School Day
I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I eat lunch at twelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed.
Unit3 How do you get to school?
◆短语概括
1. get to school 抵达学堂
2. take the subway 乘地铁
3. ride a bike 骑自行车
4. how far 多远
5. from home to school 从家到学堂
6. every day 每一天
7. take the bus 乘民众汽车
8. by bike 骑自行车
9. bus stop 民众汽车站
10. think of 以为
11. between…and… 在…和…之中
12. one 11-year-old boy 一位11岁的男孩 13.
play with… 和…玩
14. come true 完成
15. have to 不能不
◆用法集萃
1. take…to…= go to…by… 乘…去…
2. How do/does sb get to…? 某人是怎样到…的呀?
3. How far is it from…to…? 从…到…有多远呀?
4. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事破费某人多长时刻呀。 5. How long does it take to do sth.? …破费多长时刻呀?
6. It is + adj. + to do sth. 做某事是…
7. Thanks for + n./Ving 谢谢你(做)某事呀。
◆典句必背
1. —How do you get to school? 你怎样去入学呀?
—I ride my bike. 我骑自行车呀。
2. How far is it from your home to school? 从你家到学堂有多远呀?
3. How long does it take you to get to school? 去入学破费你多久呀?
4. For many students, it is easy to get to school. 对许多學生来说,很简易抵达学堂呀。
5. There is a very big river between their school and the village. 在你们学堂和乡村之中有一条太大的河流呀。
◆话题写做
主题入学的交通办法
写做思绪②开篇点题点出自己的出行办法阿;②详细内容自己选择这类交通办法的本因阿;③结尾语: 讲明自己的看法呀。
The Best Way for Me to Go to School
Different students go to school in different ways in our school, but I llike to go to school on foot.
First, I live near the school, so my home is not far from my school. And it takes me a few minutes to get there. Second, there is a crossing on my way to school, and sometimes the traffic is very busy. I think it is safer to go to school on foot. Third, I think walking is good for my health. It’s a kind of sport and it makes me study better.
So in my opinion, the best way to go to school is on foot. What about you?
Unit4 Don’t eat in class.
◆短语概括
1. on time 准时,定时
2. listen to… 听……
3. in class 在课上
4. be late for 做……晚点
5. have to 不能不
6. be quiet 平静
7. go out 外出
8. do the dishes 清洗餐具
9. make breakfast 做早饭
10. make (one’s) bed 铺床
11. be noisy 喧华
12. keep one’s hair short 留短发
13. play with sb. 和某人一同玩
14. play the piano 弹钢琴
15. have fun 玩得开心
16. make rules 划定谋划
◆用法集萃
1. Don’t + 动词本形+其余呀。 不-要做某事呀。
2. help sb. (to) do sth. 帮-助某人做某事
3. too many + 可数名词复数 过多的……
4. practice doing sth. 训练做某事
5. be strict with sb. 对某人乞求严酷
6. be strict in sth. 对某事乞求严酷
7. leave sth sp. 把某物落在某地
8. keep+宾语+形容词 使……维持某种状态
9. learn to do sth. 懂得做某事
10. have to do sth. 不能不做某事
◆典句必背
1. Don’t arrive late for class. 上课不-要晚点呀。
2. Can we bring music players to school? 咋们能够带音乐播放器到学堂呀?
3. And we always have to wear the school uniform. 而且咋们总是不能不穿校服呀。
4. There are too many rules呢! 有过多的谋划!
5. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen呢! 不-要把脏盘子留在厨房里!
6. I have to keep my hair short. 我不能不留短发呀。
◆话题写做
主题谋划
Dear Tom,
Thanks for your last letter. You want to know the rules in our school. Now let me tell you about them.
We can’t arrive late for class. We can’t talk loudly in class. We should keep quiet. When we meet our teachers on our way, we should say hello to them. We can’t eat or drink in class, and we can’t listen to music or play games in class.
I think we have too many rules. What about yours? Please write and tell me.
Yours,
Li Ming
Unit5 Why do you like pandas?
◆短语概括
1. kind of 有几分,有点儿
2. be from/come from 来源于
3. South Africa 南非
4. all day 终日
5. for a long time 很长时刻
6. get lost 迷途
7. places with food and water 有食物和水的场所
8. cut down 砍倒
9. in (great) danger 处于(极大)危险之中
10. twelve years old 十两岁
11. things made of ivory 由象牙制成的东-西
◆用法集萃
1. —Why…? 为什么……呀?
—Because… 由于……
2. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事
3. want to do sth. 要做某事
4. one of+名词复数 ……之一
5. forget to do sth. 遗忘要做某事
6. forget doing sth. 遗忘做过某事
7. help sb. (to) do sth. 帮-助某人做某事
8. be friendly to sb. 对某人友善
◆典句必背
1. —Why do you like pandas? 你为什么喜欢熊猫呀?
—Because they’re kind of interesting. 由于你们有点儿意义呀。
2. —Why does John like koalas? 约翰为什么喜欢树袋熊呀?
—Because they’re very cute. 由于你们十分灵巧呀。
3. —Why don’t you like tigers? 你为什么不喜欢老虎呀?
—Because they’re really scary. 由于你们确实吓人呀。
4. —Where are lions from? 狮子来源那里呀?
—They’re from South Africa. 你们来源南非呀。
5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost. 大象能走很长时刻而且从不迷途呀。
6. They can also remember places with food and water. 你们也能记着有食物和水的场所呀。
7. But elephants are in great danger. 可是,大象处于极大危险之中呀。
8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes.
人们砍倒了许多树,因而,大象逐步丢弃你们的老家呀。
9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants (over 100,000 before)
现在唯一也许3000头大象(以前凌驾10万头大象)呀。
10.Isn’t she beautiful? 他难道不美丽 呀?
◆话题写做
主题推荐自己喜欢的动物
The Animal I Like
There are many kinds of animals in the world. What animal do I like? Let’s know her.
Many people like her very much. I also like her. She is from China. She is very cute. She doesn’t eat grass and meat at all. She eats bamboo every day. She is so nice. She is black and white. She has two big black ears and eyes. And she also has black legs and arms.
What animal is she? She is a panda. I like panda very much. Do you like her? What animal do you like?
Unit6 I’m watching TV.
◆短语概括
1. watch TV 看电视
2. read a newspaper 看报纸
3. talk on the phone 通过电话攀谈
4. listen to music 听音乐
5. use the computer 运用电脑
6. make soup 做汤
7. wash the dishes 洗餐具
8. kind of 有点儿
◆用法集萃
1. —What + be+ 主语+ doing? ……现在做什么呀?
—主语+ be + doing sth. ……现在做某事呀。
2. I’d love/like to do sth. 我宁愿做某事呀。
3. any other+可数名词单数 其余任何一位……
4. wish to do sth. 希望做某事
◆典句必背
1. —Why are you doing? 你在做什么呀?
—I’m watching TV. 我在看电视呀。
2. —What’s she doing? 他在做什么呀?
—She’s washing her clothes. 他在洗他的衣服呀。
3. —What are they doing? 你们在做什么呀?
—They’re listening to a CD. 你们在听一张CD 唱片呀。
4. —Are you doing your homework? 你在做你的全家作业呀?
—Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. I’m cleaning my room. 是的,我在做呀。/不,我有无呀。我在扫除我的闺房呀。
5. Zhu Hui misses his family and wishes to have his mom’s delicious zongzi.
朱辉想念他的亲属并希望吃上他妈逼美味粽子呀。
◆话题写做
主题描写现在发生的事情
It’s seven o’clock in the evening. Kate’s family are all at home.
Kate is doing her homework. Her father is reading a book. Her mother is watching TV. Her grandfather is listening to the radio and her grandmother is cleaning the room. Her sister, Betty, is playing computer games.
They are all enjoying themselves.
Unit7 It’s raining呢!
◆短语概括
1. not bad 不错
2. at the park 在公园
3. take a message for… 为……捎个口信
4. have a good time/have a great time/have fun/enjoy oneself 过得开心
5. call sb. back 给某人回电话
6. no problem 没疑
7. right now 现在
8. talk on the phone 通过电话攀谈
9. some of 之中的一些
10. by the pool 在游水池边
11. drink orange juice 喝橙汁
12. study hard 勤奋学习
13. on a vacation 在度假
14. in the mountains 在山里
15. call sb. 给某人买电话
16. write to sb. 给某人写信
◆用法集萃
1. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 通知某人(不-要)做某事
2. have a great time/have fun + (in) doing sth. 开心地做某事
3. just right for doing sth. 做某事正适合
◆典句必背
1. How’s the weather?
天气怎样呀?
2. It’s cloudy. / It’s sunny. / It’s raining.
天气多云呀。/ 天气晴天呀。/ 天正下雨呀。
3. How’s it going?
情形怎样呀?
4. Great呢! /Not bad./Terrible呢!
好极了!/ 不错呀。/倒霉!
5. Can I take a message for him?
我给他捎个口信好呀?
6. I’m having a great time visiting my aunt in Canada.
我现在加拿大开心地造访我的姨妈
7. My family and I are on a vacation in the mountains.
我和我的亲属现在山里度假呀。
8. It’s hot in your country now, isn’t it?
现在你的国家天气炎热,不-是呀?
◆话题写做
主题推荐某地的天气
The Weather in Beijing
Hello, everyone呢! I’m from Beijing. Do you want to know the weather in Beijing? Now let me tell you something about the weather here.
In Beijing, spring is very short and warm. In summer, it’s very hot, but it often rains. We often go swimming in the river. In autumn, the weather is very dry and cool. We often go to the farm to work with the farmers to help them. In winter, it’s very cold, and sometimes it’s snowy and windy.
I like swimming, so summer is my favorite season.
Unit8 Is there a post office near here?
◆短语概括
1. post office 邮局
2. police station 警员局
3. pay phone 付费电话
4. Bridge Street 桥街
5. Center Street 中心街道
6. Long Street 长街
7. near here 四周
8. across from 在……劈面
9. next to 挨着,靠近
10. between…and… 在……和……之中
11. in front of 在……前面
12. excuse me 屈驾
13. far from 离……远
14. go along… 沿着……走
15. turn right/left 向右/左转
16. on the(或者one’s) right/left 在(某人的)右侧/左侧
17. in my neighborhood 在我的街区
18. look like 看起身像
19. in life 终身中
20. be free 不收取开支的/得空的
◆用法集萃
1. Turn right / left at the +序数词+ crossing. 在第几个路口向右 / 左转呀。
2. spend + 时刻 /款项 + on sth. 破费时刻/款项在
spend + 时刻 / +款项 (in) doing sth. 破费时刻/款项做某事
3. watch sb. doing 观-看某人现在做某事
4. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
◆典句必背
1. —Is there a hospital near here? 这四周有医院呀?
—Yes, there is. It’s on Bridge Street. 是的,有呀。他在桥街上呀。
2. —Oh… where’s Center Street? 噢……中心街道在那里呀?
—It’s not too far from here. 他离这儿不太远呀。
3. Go along Long Street and it’s on the right. 沿着长街走,他在右侧呀。
4. Turn right at the first crossing. 在第一位十字街头向右转呀。
◆话题写做
主题指路
Where is the hotel? Let me tell you how to get there. Go down this road and then turn left. Go through First Street and Second Street. When you come to Third Street, turn right and walk on. You can see a bridge over a river. Go across the bridge. Then you can see the hotel. It’s on your right, across from the post office. You will find it.
Unit9 What does he look like?
◆短语概括
1. short hair 短发
2. long hair 长发
3. curly hair 卷发
4. straight hair 直发
5. (be) of medium height 中等个子
6. (be) of medium build 中等身段
7. go to the movies 去看电影
8. a little 有点儿
9. look like 看起身像
10. a big nose 大鼻子
11. a small mouth 小嘴巴
12. a round face 圆脸
13. black hair 黑发
14. big eyes 大眼睛
15. a long face 长脸
16. the same way 一样的办法
17. in the end 最终
18. blonde hair 金的头发
◆用法集萃
1. What does / do + 主语 + look like? ……长得什么样呀?
2. sb. + be + of + medium build / height 某人中等身段/个子
3. sb. + has +… hair 某人留着……头发
4. sb. wears + 某人穿着/戴着……
◆典句必背
1. —What does he look like? 他长什么样呀?
—He’s really tall. 他确实很高呀。
2. —Do they have straight or curly hair? 你们留直发回是卷发呀?
—They have curly hair. 你们留卷发呀。
3. —Is he tall or short? 他高仍然矮呀?
—He isn’t tall or short. He’s of medium height. 他不高不矮呀。他中等个子呀。
4. The man with a pair of glasses is my English teacher. 哪个戴眼镜的男子是我的英语导师呀。
◆话题写做
主题推荐某人的相貌
Lost
Kate, a twelve –year-old girl, is lost in the street.
She is of medium height with short hair. She has a round face and small eyes. She wears a pair of glasses. She wears a white shirt, a pair of blue jeans and a pair of black sports shoes.
If anyone knows her, please call Mr. Green at 26458132. Thanks a lot.
Unit10 I’d like some noodles.
◆短语概括
1. would like 要
2. take one’s order 点菜
3. beef soup 牛肉汤
4. one bowl of… 一碗……
5. what size 什么尺寸
6. mapo tofu with rice 麻婆豆腐盖饭
7. what kind 什么种类
8. small / medium / large bowl 小/ 中/大碗
9. green tea 绿茶
10. orange juice 橘汁
11. around the world 世界各地
12. birthday cake 出世的日子蛋糕
13. the number of… 的数目
14. make a wish 许个希望
15. blow out 吹灭
16. in one go 一口吻
17. come true 完成
18. cut up 切碎
◆用法集萃
1. would like + sth. 要某物
2. would like + to do sth. 要做某事
3. Why don’t you + do sth.? 何不做某事呀?
4. the number of + 名词复数 ……的数目阿;a number of+名词复数 许多……
◆典句必背
1. What kind of noodles would you like? 你要哪种面条呀?
2. I’d like beef noodles, please. 我要牛肉面呀。
3. What size would you like? 你要多大的呀?
4. I’d like a medium bowl, please. 我要一其中碗的呀。
5. Would you like a large bowl? 你要一位大碗的呀?
6. Yes, please. 好吧呀。
7. If he or she blows out all the candles in one go, the wish will come true. 如果他或者他一口吻吹灭一切的烛炬,希望将完成呀。
◆话题写做
主题推荐自己最喜欢的食物
My Favorite Food
I’m a middle school student. I like to eat healthy food. I have milk, eggs and bread for breakfast. For lunch I would like rice, fish and vegetables. I like chicken, juice, rice and hamburgers for supper. Of all the food, my favorite food is chicken and apple juice.
Unit11 How was your school trip?
◆短语概括
1. go for a walk 去漫步
2. milk a cow 挤牛奶
3. ride a horse 骑马
4. feed chickens 喂小鸡
5. talk with 与……谈话
6. take photos 照相
7. quite a lot 十分多
8. show… around 带发……观光
9. learn about 领会
10. from… to… 从……到……
11. grow strawberries 栽种草莓
12. pick strawberries 采草莓
13. in the countryside 在乡下
14. go fishing 去钓鱼
15. at night 在夜晚
16. a lot of 许多阿;大量
17. come out 进去
18. go on a school trip 去学堂旅游
19. along the way 沿线
20. after that 之后
21. buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物
22. all in all 总的来说
23. take a / the train 乘火车
24. be interested in 对……感兴趣
25. not… at all 基本不……
◆用法集萃
1. How + be…? + like? ……怎样呀?
2. too many + 可数名词复数 过多的……
3. teach sb. how to do sth. 教某人怎样做某事
4. quite + a / an + 形容词+可数名词单数 = a + very + 形容+可数名词单数 一位十分 / 很……的
◆典句必背
1. —How was your school trip? 你的学堂旅游怎样呀?
—It was great呢! 好极了!
2. —Did you go to the zoo? 你去动物园了呀?
—No, I didn’t. I went to a farm. 不,有无呀。我去农场了呀。
3. —Did you see any cows? 你看见一些牛奶了呀?
—Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot. 是的,我看见了,我看见十分多(的牛奶)
4. —Were the strawberries good? 这些草莓是好的呀?
— Yes, they were. 是的,你们是呀。 / No, they weren’t. 不,你们不-是呀。
5. Everything was about robots and I’m not interested in that. 一切全是关于机械人的,我对那方方面面不感兴趣呀。
◆话题写做
主题推荐以前的行-动
I had a busy weekend. On Saturday morning, I did my homework, and then I played computer games. In the afternoon, I visited my grandmother. We talked for a long time.
On Sunday morning, I cleaned my room and did some reading. Then I cooked for m parents. In the afternoon, I watched a football match on TV and listened to music. I had a good time.
Unit12 What did you do last weekend?
◆短语概括
1. do my homework 做我的全家作业
2. go to cinema 去看电影
3. go boating / camping 去划船 / 去野营
4. play badminton 打羽毛
5. on Saturday morning 在星期六凌晨
6. work as 以……身分而工做
7. have a good weekend 周末过得开心
8. kind of 有点儿
9. stay up late 熬夜
10. run away 跑开
11. shout at 对……高声叫嚷
12. fly a kite 放风-筝
13. high school 中学
14. put up 搭起,举起
15. in the countryside 在乡下
16. get a surprise 受惊
17. make a fire 生火
18. each other 相互
19. so… that… 这样……甚至于……
20. go to sleep 入睡
21. the next morning 第两天凌晨
22. look out of…向……外看
23. shout to 冲……呼唤
24. up and down 上左右下
25. wake…up 把……弄醒
26. move into… 移进……
27. a swimming pool 一位游水池
◆用法集萃
1. go + doing 去做某事
2. play + 类 玩……
3. 时刻段+ ago ……前
4. keep + sb. / sth. + 形容词 / 副词 / 介词短语 使……维持……
5. so + 形容词 / 副词+ that 句子 这样……甚至于……
6. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人现在做某事
7. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事
8. start to do / doing sth. 最先做某事
◆典句必背
1. —What did you do last weekend? 上个周末你做什么了呀?
—I did my homework. / We went boating. 我做了我的全家作业呀。/咋们去划船了呀。
2. —Who visited her grandma? 谁探望了他的奶奶呀?
— Becky did. 贝姬探望了呀。
3. My sister finished high school two weeks ago. 我的姐姐两周前中学结业了呀。
4. But I was so tired that I went to sleep early. 可是我是这样疲劳,甚至于我很早就睡着了呀。
◆话题写做
主题推荐以前发生的一件事情
My friend Li Hua came to visit me on May Day. During the following days I showed him around the city.
We went to the Guangzhou Museum on the morning of May 2. We learned much about the history of Guangzhou. In the afternoon., we climbed the Baiyun Hills. It was really great fun呢! In the evening. I took Li Hua to the night zoo. It was interesting to see animals at night. The next day, we went to the bookshops to buy books.
Though we were very tired, we enjoyed ourselves very much.


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